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【学术预告】纽约大学斯特恩商学院经济学教授Viral Acharya学术研讨会:Bankruptcy Exemption of Repo Markets: Too Much Today for Too Little Tomorrow?

时间: 2021-03-15 09:55 来源: 作者: 浏览量:2096 字号: 打印

主题:Bankruptcy Exemption of Repo Markets: Too Much Today for Too Little Tomorrow?

主讲人:Viral Acharya,纽约大学斯特恩商学院经济学教授

时间:317日(周三)上午9:30-11:00

地点:4-101教室

语言:英文

 

摘要:

We examine the desirability of granting safe harbor provisions to the sale and repurchase (repo) markets, i.e., granting repo contracts exemption from bankruptcy and automatic stay. Such exemption can enable financial firms to raise greater liquidity and operate at higher leverage in normal times. This liquidity creation occurs, however, at the cost of ex-post inefficiency when there are adverse aggregate shocks to the fundamental quality of collateral underlying the contracts. When exempt from bankruptcy, creditors of highly leveraged financial firms respond to such shocks by engaging in collateral liquidations, which lead to fire sales. Financial arbitrage by less leveraged financial firms equilibrates returns from acquiring financial assets at fire sale prices and those from real-sector lending, inducing a rise in lending rates, a deterioration in endogenous asset quality, a liquidity crunch, and in the extremis, a complete credit crunch in the real sector. Given this inefficiency, an automatic stay on repo contracts in bankruptcy can be not only ex-post optimal, but also ex-ante optimal, especially for illiquid collateral with high exposure to aggregate risk, and for economies with a large real sector.

 

主讲人介绍

Viral V. Acharya is the C.V. Starr Professor of Economics in the Department of Finance at New York University Stern School of Business (NYU-Stern) and an Academic Advisor to the Federal Reserve Banks of New York and Philadelphia.

Viral was a Deputy Governor at the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) during 23rd January 2017 to 23rd July 2019 in charge of Monetary Policy, Financial Markets, Financial Stability, and Research. His speeches while at the RBI were released in July 2020 in the form of a book titled “Quest for Restoring Financial Stability in India” (SAGE Publications India), with a new introductory chapter “Fiscal Dominance: A Theory of Everything in India”.

Viral was the Director of the National Stock Exchange (NSE) of India and the NYU-Stern Initiative on the Study of Indian Capital Markets, a Director of Western Finance Association, and a member of the Economic Advisory Committee of the Financial Industry Regulation Authority (FINRA), International Advisory Board of the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI), Advisory Council of the Bombay (Mumbai) Stock Exchange (BSE) Training Institute, and Academic Research Council Member of the Center for Advanced Financial Research And Learning (CAFRAL, India). He has also been an Academic Advisor to the Federal Reserve Banks of Chicago and Cleveland, and the Board of Governors. In addition, he is a Research Associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) in Corporate Finance, a Research Affiliate at the Center for Economic Policy Research (CEPR), and Research Associate of the European Corporate Governance Institute (ECGI).

Viral completed Bachelor of Technology in Computer Science and Engineering from Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai in 1995 and Ph.D. in Finance from NYU-Stern in 2001. Prior to joining Stern, he was at London Business School (2001-2008), the Academic Director of the Coller Institute of Private Equity at LBS (2007-09) and a Senior Houblon-Normal Research Fellow at the Bank of England (Summer 2008).

Viral’s primary research interest is in theoretical and empirical analysis of systemic risk of the financial sector, its regulation and its genesis in government-induced distortions, an inquiry that cuts across several other strands of research – credit risk and liquidity risk, their interactions and agency-theoretic foundations, as well as their general equilibrium consequences. He has published articles in the American Economic Review, Journal of Finance, Journal of Financial Economics, Review of Financial Studies, Review of Finance, Journal of Business, Journal of Financial Intermediation, Rand Journal of Economics, Journal of Monetary Economics, Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, and Financial Analysts Journal. He was an editor of the Journal of Financial Intermediation (2009-12) and associate editor of the Journal of Finance (2011-14), Review of Corporate Finance Studies (RCFS, 2011-2016) and Review of Finance (2006-2016).

Viral is the recipient of the Best Paper Award in Corporate Finance - Journal of Financial Economics, 2000, Best Paper Award in Equity Trading - Western Finance Association Meetings, 2003, Outstanding Referee Award for the Review of Financial Studies, 2003, the inaugural Lawrence G. Goldberg Prize for the Best Ph.D. in Financial Intermediation, Best Paper Award in Capital Markets and Asset Pricing - Journal of Financial Economics, 2005 (First Prize) and 2007 (Second Prize), the inaugural Rising Star in Finance (one of four) Award, 2008, European Corporate Governance Institute's Best Paper on Corporate Governance, 2008, Distinguished Referee Award for the Review of Financial Studies, 2009, III Jaime Fernandez de Araoz Award in Corporate Finance, 2009, Viz Risk Management Prize for the Best Paper on Energy Markets, Securities, and Prices at the European Finance Association Meetings, 2009, Excellence in Refereeing Award for the American Economic Review, 2009, 2010, Review of Finance Best Paper Award, 2009, Best Conference Paper Award at the European Finance Association Meetings, 2010, the 2011 Inaugural TCFA (The Chinese Finance Association) Award for the Best Paper on Global Financial Markets, Second Prize for the Cromwell Award 2011, the inaugural Banque de France – Toulouse School of Economics Junior Prize in Monetary Economics and Finance, 2011, and the National Stock Exchange of India Best Paper Award at the Summer Research Conference of the Center for Analytical Finance at the Indian School of Business, 2012. Recently, he has been awarded the 2017 Alexandre Lamfalussy Senior Research Fellowship of the Bank for International Settlements (BIS).

At Stern, Viral co-edited the books Restoring Financial Stability: How to Repair a Failed System, John Wiley & Sons, March 2009, Regulating Wall Street: The Dodd-Frank Act and the New Architecture of Global Finance, John Wiley & Sons, November 2010, and Dodd-Frank: One Year On, NYU-Stern and CEPR (released on voxeu.org), July 2011. He is also the co-author of the book Guaranteed to Fail: Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac and the Debacle of Mortgage Finance, Princeton University Press, March 2011 and Harper Collins (India), June 2011.